BANJARA EMBROIDERY

Hello everyone, today I am going to tell you about Banjara embroidery design…Let’s know history of Banjara embroidery, About Banjara embroidery, Different stitches in Banjara embroidery,Improvement of Banjara embroidery from generation to generation,Process of making neckline in Banjara embroidery.

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History Of Banjara Embroidery:

Banjara is also known as Lambani/Lambadi. Lambadi is a community, usually known as nomads who came from the north-western belt of the Indian subcontinent (Afghanistan),to the state of Rajasthan and many other states in India, 2300 years ago. The overall objective here is to understand the historical background of Banjara tribes.

About Banjara Embroidery:

Banjara tribes are also found in Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar,Gujarat, Tamil Nadu,West Bengal, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Odisha. People from this community travel from one place to another and lead a life on their own terms. Banjara tribe is very famous all over India as they occupy most of the states of India any clothes and tribal jewellery make the Banjara women look even more stunning. Even while occupied with hard labour, they were their jewellery in all its finery .Banjara embroidery is known for its liveliness of colours and use of colours and use of articles like coins, cowrie shells,woollen tassels, beads,mirror, and many others as embellishments. The textiles embroidery by them are simple,yet outstanding..

Different Stitches In Banjara Embroidery:

Beautiful square and rectangle works are embroidery using stem and cross stitches, that are carried out in Maharashtra and Nimar and Malwa districts in Madhya Pradesh. They also use herringbone stitch closely together among a grid. Geometric designs are created on the textiles. Tasselled rumals are mostly embroidered i.e then edged with mirrors or shells. The other articles they use are purse,women clothes like odhnis,cholis and Ghagras..

The embroidery is mostly done of a blue or a brown coloured cloth that is quilted. This way, the colour contrast is easily understandable and moreover, the embroidery also comes out beautifully..

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Sometimes, quilting stitches are used in patterning in which cotton threads are used to create unusual geometric patterns. Sometimes cotton or woollen thread is used to create intricate embroidery patterns..

Colourful threads are used in the embroidery that reflects the vibrant lifestyle of the Banjaras. Their imagination has no bounds and all they need is just a needle, a piece of cloth and some colourful thread. To embellish an article, they also make use of shells, heads and mirrors. The sunlight reflected through the mirrors. The sunlight reflected through the mirror emphasises the beauty of this work..

Their arts and crafts in the form of intricate embroidery works are done and maintained mainly for their identify by wearing their unique type of dresses. The Banjara women intensely love to wear their traditional garments and this intense love keeps the art richly intact. The trend has been continued until very recent times..

Improvement Of Banjara Embroidery From Generation To Generation:

Recently through, a declining trend in the preservation of this art has been noticed. Such a circumstance has compelled the Banjaras to make their own dresses with the work done exclusively by the females. The Banjara embroidery has been an inseparable part of Banjara culture for generations and in the olden days, this embroidery work alone was the means to provide dress to the Banjara women and other articles of daily use.

Mirrors are extensively used in Banjara embroidery and this is the characteristic feature of this art form. An abundance of designs and figures are created using simple stitches like herringbone, chain stitch,short and long stitch. A wide range of articles are made using this embroidery like bags, dress sets for women and girls, cushion covers, skirts, blouse pieces, kurtas,household furrishings, bedspreads and the list goes on. That was all about Banjara tribes and their embroidery and it’s history.

Process Of Making Neckline In Banjara Embroidery:

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Now a days, embroidery has become a universal form of art.

  • The impact of foreign influences and globalization of embroidery art has successfully taken it to an international level.
  • The objective here is to learn creating a neckline using Banjara embroidery.

Material Required:

1-Fabric

2-Anchor threads

3-Mirror

4-Needle

5-Embroidery frame ..

Let’s Get Started:

  • Take the pencil and draw a round split neckline on the fabric.
  • Fix the frame on the fabric.
  • Thread the needle with two strands of thread and tie the knot in the end.
  • There are nine different types of stitches used here.
  1. Stitch-1 is double herringbone stitch and the colours used here are red and green.
  2. Stitch-2 is blanket stitch (kaza stitch) (the one used for doing loops of hooks in the blouses and dresses) and the colour used here is dark blue.
  3. Stitch-3 is the Embossed chain stitch and the colour used is light blue.
  4. Stitch-4 is double herringbone stitch, and the colours are red and light blue.
  5. stitch-5 is chain stitch and the colour is light green.
  6. Stitch-6 is the Back chain stitch and there are 3 lines of the same stitch using a colour combination of light blue and red,dark blue and light green and once again light blue and red.
  7. Stitch-7 is the Stem stitch and the colour used in orange.
  8. Stitch-8 is the satin stitch, the colours used are green and red.
  9. Stitch-9 is a variation is running stitch, and the colours used are green and red.
  • When you’re done with doing the stitch,turn the fabric and tie the knot.
  • Once you are done with all the stitches,add the mirror in the centre of the neckline using star or square stitch.
  • The choice of the stitch is yours.
  • After the mirror is attached,give one round of chain stitch to it by using green colour. You can also add three chain stitch of bigger size on all the four corners/sides.

Adding too much of shells,beads and mirror need not end up in bhanja embroidery. It can also be kept simple so,use your creativity while applying them.

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