Hello everyone, today I am going to tell you about Embroidery design…Let’s know what is embroidery, history ,main purpose , different types , which city famous in India,7 basic embroidery stitches for Beginners.
What Is Embroidery?
Embroidery is the craft of decorating fabric or other materials using a needle to apply thread or yarn..
- In morden days, embroidery is usually seen on caps,hats,coats,blankets, dress,shirts, golf,denim,…
- Embroidery is available with a wide variety of thread or yarn colour..
- Some of basic techniques or stitches of the earliest embroidery are chain stitch,button hole or blanket stitch,running stitch,satin stitch,cross stitch..
- Embroidery can be done by hand or by your sewing machine. .
- Hand embroidery uses needle and thread to make beautiful stitches. .
- Even sewing machines use a zigzag motion stitch to create different types of embroidery designs…
What Is Indian Embroidery ?
Designs in Indian embroidery are formed on the basis of the texture and the design of the fabric and the stitch..
- The dot and the alternate dot, the circle, the square, the triangle, and permutations and combinations of these constitute the design.
The History Of Embroidery?
Embroidery are found in china dating to the warring states period between 5th and 3rd century B.c..
- In sweden,the earliest finds of embroidery are from a period known as the viking Age,around the 9th and 10th centuries…
What Is Main Purpose Of Embroidery?
Embroidery may add colour,texture, richness,and dimension..
- Used on clothing, it may reveal the weareris,wealth, social status,ethnic identity or systems of belief..
Types Of Embroidery :
Banjara also known as Lambani/Lambadi. Lambadi is a community, usually known as nomads who came from the north-western belt of the Indian subcontinent (Afghanistan )to the states in India, 2300years ago..
- Banjara also found in Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar,Gujurat,Tamil Nadu,west Bengal, Maharashtra, karnataka,and odisha..
Kantha is one of the oldest forms of embroidery. Its been practiced for many years..Traditionally it was done so that the old garments can be reused to create something new.
- This art is not only confined to India but is also getting international exposures through Indian designers who have taken this embroidery one-step further.
When it comes to Indian embroidery, kashmir’s traditional embroidery deserves special mention. Kashidhakari also known as kashida work, is an original style of embroidery from kashmir.
- Single stitch style is considered to be signature style of Kashida . Mainly the chain stitch is used..
Gujarat has given Indian the greatest heritage in embroidery work and craft through its famous and versatile kutch.
- When people from countries including Afghanistan, Greece,Germany, Iran,Gujarat that kutch get more exposure.
Indian artisans excel in handicraft,mirror work etc. which originated from Indian in 17th century.
- For example, The Kathi community of Gujarat is known for incorporating mirror work. They traditionally use mirrors as a flowers motif or the eyes of an animal motif.
- The objective is to embellish the border using Shisha ..
Which City Is Famous For Embroidery In India?
CITY OF LUCKNOW
- The present from of chikan (meaning elegent patterns on fabric) work is associated with the city of LUCKNOW, in uttar Pradesh..
- Chikan embroidery on silk is Lucknow’s own innovation..
7Basic Embroidery Stitches For Beginners:
Basic embroidery stitches any Beginners should know. You will use them in your project according to the stitch guide in embroidery kits and patterns on try do your own design.
This is a basic stitch. Your needle up and down take a space from your last stitch and go up and down
- Knot the thread. First, start by knotting your thread.
- First stitch, put the needle down through the fabric (position 1) and bring it up 1/4inch away (position 2).
- Stitch backwards.
- Pull needle through.
To create split stitch the needle is inserted from the back of work to the front,through the middle of the existing stitch.
- Bring the needle out through A and put in through B . So,that makes a stitch which covers a small area between the stitch lines..
- Now,bring the needle back through C, a point very close to A. Continue this action over the two stitch lines.
- Once finished, the area is filled as shown above.you will be spending as much thread on the reverse side as you do on the actual side of the fabric.
- Bring the needle up at point A.
- Pull the thread up.
- Once the thread is pulled up loop the thread around the needle right at the end of the thread.
- Hold the thread and needle with your fingers and gently insert the needle down at point B. The point B should be just beside the point A and not too far away. Also, ensure not to push the needle down at point A.
- Pull the thread down gently.
- Pull till the thread is fully pulled through the knot. You can continue to work on more knots or tie the thread at the back and cut it.
- Bring the thread out through A. Put the needle back in A and bring it out through point B, but don’t pull the needle out completely.
- Now, take the thread around the needle from left to right to form a loop.
- Pull out the needle now to tighten the loop and you will get the first part of the chain.
- Now, put the needle in through B (now inside the loop) and bring it out on C (outside of the loop).
- Continue the action by taking the thread around the back of the needle from left to right to form a loop and pull out the needle to get the next loop of the chain. Keep on with this procedure till the finish.
- Poke through to the front of the fabric.
- Stitch a vertical line.
- Return to the starting point.
- Move the stitch diagonally across.
- Bring the needle back through to the front.
- Repeat the stitch down the length of the row.
- Overlap the end point.
- Cross over the last diagonal stitch.
- Double behind the vertical post.
- Work your way back down the length of the row.
- Knot the stitch in the back.