Introduction to textile science , textile science in fashion designing

Textile science plays a serious role within the development of a cloth . The method of developing a cloth is sort of complex because it has got to undergo a series of processes. As important draping and embellishment are to fashion design, so is textile science that holds a prominent place within the sector..

In fact, in fashion designing institutes, textile science as a topic is a crucial a part of the curriculum. Textile science as a topic of study includes topics like dyeing, printing and weaving. Students also are taught about each fabric and its usage. An in-depth study gives a transparent understanding of every fabric.


Textiles are a term applied to any cloth or product made by weaving, knitting, felting,braiding or crocheting.

Originally applied to woven fabrics or fibers like yarn or products made out of these; Textiles have been around just as much as the human civilization. It is said that back in the 6th and 7th BC,there was indication that fiber came from the invention of flax and wool. The same way,different types of textiles were formed using different techniques like weaving, crocheting, knotting and pressing fibres together.

  • Most of us take textile products for granted not realising it’s importance and usage in our daily lives.
  • We are all aware of clothing as a textile product but the draperies we use for privacy and warmth,the carpeting we walk upon,the bandages we use for injuries are all different types of fabrics.
  • We all are aware of clothing as a textile product but the draperies we use for privacy and warmth,the carpeting we walk upon,the bandages we use for injuries are all different types of fabrics.
  • Furniture and upholstery used at home are composed of various types of textile.
  • Textile are used in the healthcare industry. Examples: casts for broken bones, surgical masks, bandages and gloves.
  • Sports equipment such as sailboats, hockey sticks, fishing rods,golf club sets, tennis rackets and canoes are composed of textile fabric.
  • Other products composed of textiles that are not usually throught of as textile products are toothbrushes,hair brushes, dental floss, artificial flowers/plants,book bindings, candle wicks, communication lines, circuit boards etc.

Origin Of Clothing In Textile Science:

  • Early-man found it difficult to protect himself from vagaries of nature. Initially man started covering himself using leave,bark and tattoos.
  • With time, they figured, that animal skin gave warmth to the human body.
  • Continuous use of animal skin was not practiced and hence man started looking for alternative. Tues, evolved the technique of spinning from plant and animal Origin fibre.
  • It is believed that when early man used animal hair and skin as their beds,the tangled hair inspired them to think of similar fabric. It is this process that is used even now,for making felt. Flex and wool were more easily made into fabric.

Purpose Of Clothing In Textile Science:

Clothing basically is meant for covering the body and making people comfortable in the presence of others. Besides, you wear clothes for protection and other social reasons. Sometimes cloth help to categorize people and give an identity to a particular group of community like uniforms.

Therefore clothes are worn for

  • Protection
  • Safety
  • Sanitation
  • Identification
  • Modesty
  • Uniforms
  • Styles and colours
  • Status
  • Decoration

Purpose Of Clothing:


Clothes protect us from rain,sun,heat,snow,cold and they keep us warm.


For instance, astronomers and mountaineers wear clothes that offer safety. Sportsmen too have several gear made from fabric that helps safeguard injuries.


we cover our body with cloth that can be removed and washed. This way we ensure that hygiene and health are safeguarded.


As clothing evolved, it began to automatically get categorized into male and female clothing. Clothing also varies as per the age group of the individual, for instance, babies are in fork, women in dresses, boys in short, and men in trousers, accordingly.


This is the next most important reason. The man started wearing clothes. It’s very important that decent clothes are worn, that make the wearer as well as other around feel comfortable to be.


Army, navy, air force, police and several other working groups have uniforms that set them apart from the general crowd.

Styles And Colours:

Style defined the purpose of clothing E.g. : corporate wear, party wear, day wear, and evening wear.


For centuries, clothes have defined social status and rank. Social hierarchy always plays a role in clothing. E.g. white collar suits, designer clothes, wear. Apparently, people from the lowest data of the society wear imitation and inexpensive clothing satisfies the needs and aspirations of the economically backward class.


Rich and expensive material is used to enhance the appeal of the ensemble. E.g. Bridal wear.

The Following Chart Describes The Process Of Producing A Textile From A Fibre

Non Wovens
Fabric (sewing) – Garments

New Let’s Learn What Fibre Is

Fibre is an essential component used in production of textile yarns and fabrics. It is fine hair like substance where a number of fibres are grouped and twisted into a continuous strand called yarn.

Classification Of Fibre:

Fibre are 2types..

  1. Length
  2. Origin

On The Basis Of Length,The Fibres Are Classified Into

  • Staple Fibres
  • Filament Fibres

Staple Fibres:

It is the name given to fibres, which are limited in length. To make a yarn of continuous length with staple fibres, they are twisted together and the twist provides a force and binds the pieces of fibres together. For e.g. cotton, that is why cotton clothes are not long lasting.

Filament Fibres:

Filament is the name given to a fibre of continuous length, which is long enough to be used in a fabric without increasing its length by twisting additional fibres. For e.g. silk, the cocoon of a silk worm can contain up to 3000 meters of continuous thin filaments.

On The Basis Of Origin, The Fibres Are Classified Into

  • Natural Fibres
  • Manmade Fibres

These fibres are classified Further as depicted below.

Natural Fibres:

Plants, animals and minerals are the sources of fibre. As these are extracted from the available natural living things, they are said to be natural fibres. Plant fibres are composed of cellulose and therefore are classified as natural cellulosic fibres.

1- Cellulose Fibres/Plant Origin:
  • Seed Hair Fibre — Cotton
  • Bast Fibre — Jute, Linen
  • Leaf Fibre — Pineapple, Banana
  • Nut Husk Fibre — Coconut Fibre (Coir Fibre)
2- Protein Fibres/ Animal fibres:
  • Animal Hair Fibre — Wool, Specialty Hair, Fur
  • Animal Secretion — Silk, Spider Silk
  • Animal skin – leather
3- Mineral Fibre:
  • Asbestos
4- Natural Rubber:
  • Rubber

Man-made Fibres:

1- Man-made / Cellulosic Fibre
  • Rayon
2- Man-made / Modified Cellulosic Fibre
  • Acetate Fibre
3- Man-made Non-cellulosic Fibre
  • Nylon
  • Aramid Fibres — Kevlar, Nomex
  • Polyester
  • Acrylic, Modacrylic
  • Olefin Fibres — Polyethylene, Polypropylene
  • Elastomeric Fibres — Spandex
  • Synthetic Rubber
4- Man-made Minerals
  • Glass

Characteristics Of Textile Fibres:

  • It must be strong enough to be spun into yarn
  • must be long
  • It must have flexibility
  • It must be fine (thin) so that as fine fabric can be produced. Fineness of fibres helps in producing the weight of the fabric
  • It should absorb water
  • It should make a smooth yarn
  • It should be uniform in thickness
  • It should be lustrous (shining and smooth)
  • It should be easy to clean and washable


What is yarn?

As assemblage of fibres, twisted or laid together so as to form continuous strand that can be, made into textile fabric is referred to as yarn.

What is fibres?

Any combination of solutions or yarns that makes for a flexible planar substance is known as a fibre.

Textile science is very applicable in fashion and is involved within the making of each textile product. It’s for this very reason that each fashion design student must understand the fundamentals of cloth development that owes tons to textile science.If you like the information which have given in the post then inform me through the comment section and do not forget to share it with your friends…


Fashion Designer, blogger, content writer, graphic designer with canva


  1. hey thank you sm for the insightful info..i have question on the subjects/syllabus if i were to major in textile will it include chemistry or math tho?

    1. Textile Science is a challenging field where research and diligence pay off in new technologies and innovative products that can improve the comfort, safety and convenience of consumers. The Textile Science option provides you with a broad knowledge base in both the physical and social sciences, as related to the study of textiles, clothing and design. Textile Science coursework is complimented by courses in merchandising, product development, and the historical, cultural and psychological aspects of textiles and dress. You may pursue a minor in chemistry by completing 24 credit hours in that area. This option will prepare you for advanced studies or a career in textiles and clothing such as production, testing or technical service.

  2. Right here is the perfect webpage for anybody who wishes to understand this topic. You definitely put a fresh spin on a subject which has been written about for decades. Wonderful stuff, just excellent!

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