Hello everyone, Today I’m going to tell you about Kutch Embroidery …Let’s know ; History of kutch embroidery, About kutch embroidery, Types of kutch embroidery, Interesting things about kutch embroidery, kutch embroidery with mirror..
History Of Kutch Embroidery :
It is rightly said that Gujarat has given India the greatest heritage in embroidery work and craft through its famous and versatile Kutch Embroidery. The hub of the kutch embroidery work is basically located in the regions of kutch and Saurashtra where in the local artisans churn out the most creative and exquisite designs. The overall objective is to understand the historical background of kutch embroidery.
About Kutch Embroidery:
- As per the historical records, the kutch embroidery dates back to as early as the 16th and 17th centuries. It was when people from countries including Afghanistan, Greece,Germany, Iran and Iraq migrated to Gujarat that kutch embroidery got more exposure.
- Most of the western nations imported various articles of kutch work. According another popular belief, the cobbler or “Mochi” community was trained in this work by some Muslim Sufi saint in Sindh.
- A number of villages from the kutch district,viz. Abdasa,Anjar,Bhachau,Bhuj,Lakhpat,Mandvi,Mundra, Nakhatrana and Rapar are involved in it. The kutch embroidery has been prevalent as a part of local crafts made for personal, gifting, wedding or dowry purposes.
- It is also believed that this unique style of embroidery was brought about by Kathi cattle breeders, a group of wanderers associated with Karna of the Mahabharata ,eventually settled down to produce. The characteristic fine needle work displaying a plethora of patterns, moods and themes.
- Usually done on cotton or silk fabric, kutch embroidery involves the use of silk or woollen thread in fine stitches to create elaborate patterns, and draws its inspiration from romantic, architectural and human motifs, as well as Persian and mughal arts. The colours which are used in kutch embroidery are mainly Green, Indigo,Deep Red,Black, yellow and Ivory.
- From mirror and bead work to Abhala embroidery along with the usage of silk threads of bright colours, the kutch embroidery basically ornate the entire fabric and embellishes it completely. The impeccable designs of kutch embroidery is a tribute to Rabaris,a nomadic tribe that crafted the art of kutch embroidery which is now an artwork of international repute.
Types Of Kutch Embroidery:
A variety of embroidery are done in kutch, majorly by the different communities present there. Let’s have a look at the major seven types.
1- JAT :
The Jat community is derived from Islamic pastoralists which migrated from western Asia. The Jat women incorporate elaborate chain stitching and use of mirrors in their work to create beautiful geometric patterns.
2- KHAREK :
The Kharek embroidery is done by Sodha,Rajput and Megwar communities. The sindh region has been the origin of this style of embroidery. In this style, firstly outlines of geometric patterns are made that are later filled to create intricate work.
3- SOOF :
The sodha,Rajput and Megwar communities practice the Soof style of embroidery. Soof motifs include rhythmic patterns inspired from nature and from lives of artisans such as peacocks, mandalas etc. Many geometric patterns are made,triangles being the most prominent.
4- RABARI :
The Rabari community of kutch is the flag bearer of this embroidery with bold designs usually derived from mythology and daily lives. Vibrant hues are used to create a plethora of designs with chain stitches, button hole single chain and herringbone stitches.
5- PAKKO :
Pakko literally means solid and indicate the dense stitches done in this embroidery. Free hand drawings done with chain stitch, intricately filled with geometric designs are essentially Pakko embroidery. This embroidery is done by Sodha, Rajput and Megwar communities.
6- Ahir :
The Ahir community indulges in this style of embroidery. Plenty of designs depicting animals and birds are made with chain stitch with hooked needles herringbone stitch is extensively fixed with small mirrors known as ‘abhla’.
7- MUTVA :
The Mutva embroidery is done by Muslim herders of Banni grasslands in Northern kutch. A lots of fine geometric and abstract patterns along with nature inspired motifs are incorporated.
Kutch embroidery has never lost its sheen and this colourful craft has considerably gained popularity over the years various fashion designers create kutch inspired clothing to display on a global platform.
The innovations in designs, based on kutch embroidery is applied to whole array of merchandise including waistcoats, purses, bags,backpacks,scarfs,jhola bags, jootis,sandals,belts and the list goes on. Kutch embroidery is also used in making home furnishings look amazingly artistic.
Interesting Things About Kutch Embroidery :
- Kutch work embroidery is also known as ‘Kachchhni’ embroidery.
- Kutchhi women embroidery everything from garments to wall hangings, torans,bed covers, bags and even camel decorations.
- The kutch embroidery are popular not just in India, but have also gained immense appreciation from all round the world.
- Apart from the use of bright colours, silk threads and intricate needle work, the extensive use of beads and mirrors is a characteristic feature of kutch embroidery.
- There are many legends behind the origin of kutch embroidery dating back to the Ramayana and Lord Krishna.
Thus, it is not important to use kutch embroidery only on fabric,you can create anything out of kutch embroidery.
This is all about kutch embroidery and it’s historical background.
Kutch Embroidery With Mirror:
A lot of the kutch embroidery is attracted by various architectural designs and motifs like ‘Heer Bharat’. Using the Heer Bharat as a mirror, it can easily be fixed at the centre that adds more beauty to the embroidery.
The object here is to learn how to do kutch embroidery using mirrors.
- Embroidery frame
- Embroidery Thread
- Thread cutter
- Trace the motif on the fabric using a pencil.
- Fix the embroidery frame to the fabric.
- Thread the needle with two stands and tie a knot at the end.
- Before you start doing the embroidery directly on the mirror, practice the same thing on the fabric.
- Now repeat the same process of kutch embroidery on the mirror.
- The 4th step is filling of kutch embroidery.
- You will have to repeat the 4th step for the entire mirror.
- The 5th step is the final output of the embroidery.
There you go, your kutch embroidery with mirror is done.
You can use this kind of kutch embroidery on any products. You can use this as a sarees border or on the kurti by giving it a balanced look and good colour combination.
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